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The psychological measure of the magnitude of a SOUND or SOUND OBJECT including its SPECTRUM (frequency and intensity), harmonic content, duration and spatial properties.
(German: artificial head). A STEREOPHONIC recording system developed in Germany which employs an artificial head sitting on a resonator similar to a chest cavity. The recording MICROPHONEs are situated within the head, inside an anatomically correct ear canal, at the point where the human eardrum is located. Artificial PINNAE are carefully designed for accurate reflection of the incoming sound in order to achieve the good front-back and height-depth perspective for which the technique is noted.
A pre-recorded or simulated sound produced for a radio, television, film or theatrical program in order to suggest an actual sonic environment. The design of such sounds (often abbreviated as SFX), particularly when a complex acoustic environment is to be simulated, involves a thorough understanding of the structure of such a SOUNDSCAPE; that is, what sounds are representative and most significant, as well as which are necessary to create a given AMBIENCE and sense of ACOUSTIC SPACE.
A garden, and by analogy, any place of acoustic delights. This may be a natural soundscape, or one created according to the methods of SOUNDSCAPE DESIGN. The soniferous garden may also include as one of its principal attractions a Temple of Silence for meditation.