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(German: artificial head). A STEREOPHONIC recording system developed in Germany which employs an artificial head sitting on a resonator similar to a chest cavity. The recording MICROPHONEs are situated within the head, inside an anatomically correct ear canal, at the point where the human eardrum is located. Artificial PINNAE are carefully designed for accurate reflection of the incoming sound in order to achieve the good front-back and height-depth perspective for which the technique is noted.
Any process that encourages a person to listen more discriminately, particularly to sounds of the environment. The term was originally used by R.M. Schafer in his book Ear Cleaning (Toronto, BMI Canada, 1967) to contrast with the traditional practice of ear training in music education which concentrates on the identification and reproduction of intervals, chords, melodies and so on.
(Greek: akouein = to hear) Commonly, the study of SOUND and its behaviour in various media and environments, including the effects of ABSORPTION, DIFFRACTION, INTERFERENCE, REFLECTION, and REFRACTION.
An OSCILLATION produced in an object which resonates at the same FREQUENCY, or a HARMONIC multiple thereof, as that present in a sound wave in contact with the object.