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(Greek: monos = one; phone = sound) A form of reproduction which records, transmits and reproduces the original sound along a single CHANNEL, regardless of the number of loudspeakers used. All components of the sound are combined or MIXed into one SIGNAL, including AMBIENCE and REVERBERATION, and therefore only the sense of depth may be simulated or reproduced.
Any process that encourages a person to listen more discriminately, particularly to sounds of the environment. The term was originally used by R.M. Schafer in his book Ear Cleaning (Toronto, BMI Canada, 1967) to contrast with the traditional practice of ear training in music education which concentrates on the identification and reproduction of intervals, chords, melodies and so on.
A term used in broadcasting and recording to indicate a spatial movement of a SIGNAL. A sound is panned when it is moved smoothly from one location (e.g. LOUDSPEAKER or CHANNEL) to another. This is accomplished by using various ATTENUATORs or POTENTIOMETERs, sometimes combined into a single unit called a pan-pot or panoramic divider in order to control the AMPLITUDE of the signal in each channel.
The stage that a particle in vibration has reached in its CYCLE. Particles are in phase when they are at the same stage in the cycle at the same time, and out of phase when they are at opposite stages. Phase is measured by the angle of rotation, in degrees or radians.